Who Are Free Will Baptists?
The rise of Free Will Baptists can be traced to the influence of Baptists of Arminian persuasion who settled in the colonies from England. The denomination sprang up on two fronts at almost the same time. The southern line, or Palmer movement, traces its beginnings to the year 1727 when Paul Palmer organized a church at Chowan, North Carolina. Palmer had previously ministered in New Jersey and Maryland, having been baptized in a congregation which had moved from Wales to a trace on the Delaware River in northern Pennsylvania.
The northern line, or Randall movement, had its beginnings with a congregation organized by Benjamin Randall June 30, 1780, in New Durham, New Hampshire. Both groups of Free Will Baptists taught the doctrines of free grace, free salvation and free will, although from the first there was no organizational connection between them, only voluntary association.
Selected Baptist histories giving some attention to Free Will Baptists.
Free Will Baptist History
Broader Free Will Baptist historical resources that focus on understanding the denomination as it is today.
Randall Free Will Baptists
Histories and materials from the Northern Movement, sometimes described as the Randall Movement, which began in 1780 and ceased to exist as a distinct denomination in 1910-11, when it merged with Northern Baptists.